frequently asked questions

If you're looking for a print, it's out there – for a price. Most of her works had a very limited print run. Truthfully, most of what DeArmond produced could be considered "hard-to-find." With few exceptions, DeArmond produced much of her work – and some books – herself.

Appraisals of DeArmond's works are not available via this website. 

For many years, DeArmond sent annual Christmas cards to her closest friends and confidants. These were hand-made, hand-produced and often signed by Dale and her husband. Their values are unknown; they have rarely ever been sold on the open market. 


In her lifetime, DeArmond created thousands of drawings, sketches and carved blocks. While many of these would end up in a woodcut or engraving print edition, not all were. In fact, many items DeArmond produced could be considered "unique" or "one-of-a-kind." For whatever reason, she may have decided not to continue with an edition, thus only producing a singular copy. 


As of September 2016, there are approximately 650 print titles listed. Despite this site described as an on-going work-in-progress, it's likely that DeArmond - in her expansive 50 year artistic lifetime - produced over 400 woodcut titles and 800 wood engraving titles. Encompassing over 1200 titles, this proves challenging to document as many of her print titles are unknown to the market.


Most collectors want prints and original works in excellent, near-new condition. Because DeArmond hand-pulled most of the prints herself, the terms "new" and "mint" really do not apply. But condition does play a factor in dictating value. A few things to consider:

The information provided in all areas of this website is provided using various reference materials and websites, but some information may be erroneous or mistaken. Your use of this website indicates your understanding and agreement that (the owner and maker of this website) will not be held liable for anything deemed incorrect or erroneous. You further acknowledge and agree not to hold (the owner and maker of this website), or the respective copyright holder, liable from anything that may result, or does result, as a consequence.

A/P refers to:                  

Épreuve D'Artiste Proof

On rare occasion, DeArmond has produced what may be called a "second edition," but hers are referred to as a second state. These are not second editions but a print with "conspicuous changes" from its first (regular) edition. DeArmond has produced very few second states of her prints, and their print runs may be different than the first.

In addition to the regular edition, DeArmond created proofs with the following terminology. They are listed below, and may not apply to all prints:

Artist’s Proof

Please refer to the “about” tab for more information on this artist.

P/P refers to:

T/P refers to:

Typical for DeArmond's prints is the penciled, hand-written details that she wrote on the bottom of each print, which may include the title of the print; edition number/total in edition; artist signature; and year of production. An example below:

B.E. refers to:

DeArmond included a COA with many of her engraving prints. It included information about when it was printed, title, description, and so on. Keep these with the original print - while it wouldn’t be said to add value, it is important to the print. It should be noted that not every engraving print released by DeArmond was accompanied by a COA, and very few of her woodcut prints had an accompanying COA. 

DeArmond produced a large body of work, but released a relatively small edition of each title. Thus, her works are short in supply and high in demand, epitomizing the laws of supply and demand. Values of her prints may derive from past sales, number in the edition (rarity), size, subject matter, appeal, age of the art, and its complexity (for example, the number of colors in a woodcut). Her works carry a wide range of values. Original woodblocks are very collectable. As a collector, it is important to collect what you like, and what appeals to you. Unless money is no object, they should not be considered for purchase with the sole intention of garnering a profit. 

A title change may be made for whichever reason after proofs or initial prints are made. For the print “Raven and the Magic Stone,” artist proofs may be titled this - however, later prints were given the title “Raven and the Young Spring Salmon.” Each title refers to the same print.

Presentation or Progressive Proof

The intended purpose of this website is to create a database of Dale DeArmond’s body of work, so collectors, fans or just the curious can access a site that can answer questions. There are currently few sites available for information on this artist, offering only a spattering of individual bits of information.

Book Edition

There may only be "D. DeArmond," or just "DeArmond." Where the numbers are may be written "AP" or "A/P 2/5," an indication it is an Artist Proof, number 2 of 5. Save the A/P, the numbers show the number of the individual print (first #) and the total in the edition. The written "imp" is short for impression - an indication that DeArmond herself has pulled the print. Said DeArmond: in the past, a puzzled person "...asked me once 'why all of your prints are marked imperfect?'...the IMP simply means that it has been imprinted by the artist rather than by an assistant or by a commercial shop." With some exceptions, if you do not see "imp" on a print, it is likely a serigraph or lithograph and not hand-pulled by DeArmond. 

A woodblock is made from an original piece of wood (the type largely depends on the artist; DeArmond tended to favor maple blocks). Some softer woods are easier to cut into, but are also easier to damage or unintentionally carve a piece away. Harder woods are easier for carving details but are more difficult to carve.

Woodcuts are made from a block of plank-wise cut wood. It is relatively easy to carve into but is not practical for finer details. Woodcuts allow the artist to take advantage of the natural grain in the plank-wise block and incorporate these striations into their art. Color woodcuts may require several different blocks, each to represent a color in the final art. Engravings are cut from the body of an end-grain woodblock, allowing for finer details. After the 1970s, DeArmond found it easier for her to create wood engravings than woodcuts. Original woodblocks are unique - they were kept by the artist, given to family or friends; or sold, often paired with an original print.

Example of feathering (bottom of photo).

  • DeArmond didn't always print on white paper. She used quite a number of different colors, as well as types of paper.
  • Always use acid-free matting when framing your art. If you purchase a print in an older mat, (strongly) consider re-matting it; older mats tend to be acidic and can "burn" into the print over time.
  • Beware of "sunburn," or what's referred to as toning - where the print has burnished because of extended exposure to sunlight, yellowing the paper. Colors on these prints can be substantially different than as originally issued.
  • Foxing is not uncommon on older paper prints, especially in states with warmer and high-humidity climates, and may be reversible. 
  • If possible, look to make sure that the print hasn't been cut down. Some framers have done this to a print to fit a smaller frame!!
  • Dates can vary on prints; early woodcuts tended to be created "on-demand," and may be dated later than those created earlier. Engravings may have later print runs for purposes of a book edition.
  • If you see feathering on an edge or edges (see below), this is intentional. It's done when the printmaker is cutting the print paper, and the feathering creates a pleasant-looking edge; the paper is also often issued this way by its makers or manufacturers. 

The images on this site are representable of the images DeArmond produced, but all are culled from a variety of sources. Some are directly taken from a print, while others may represent a low-quality version of the original. Others may be scanned from a print that was copied in a book, while some may not be available at all. 

Who was Dale DeArmond?




What is the intended purpose of this website?






What is the difference between a woodblock, woodcut and wood engraving?















What is the correct spelling of the artist’s name?




I have a print of Dale DeArmond’s, and attached to it is a certificate of authenticity (COA). Does it add value?






As is standard with many valuable collectables, should I be concerned about “fake” prints or bootleg copies?






Regarding individual prints, I’ve noticed the wordage AP, T.P., or P/P. What do they refer to? 











What is hand written on most of the prints?



















I have a print that has a slightly different title than is listed. Is this normal?





Which mediums did DeArmond work with?





I'm looking for a particular print, yet I cannot find it. Any reason?





What dictates value for DeArmond’s prints?







Where can DeArmond's work be purchased?










What is a "second state" when referring to her prints?






Anything else not yet mentioned?


Trial Proof

Raven Making the World                        22/35                        Dale DeArmond - imp - 1963

Many galleries around Southeast Alaska and beyond continue to carry her work. Her work can perhaps be easiest found in Juneau and Sitka, where she lived most of her life; but if looking for something in particular, also check art galleries in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Homer, as well as those in Washington State and Oregon. It is recommended that would-be buyers contact the Rie Muñoz Gallery in Juneau, Alaska. Muñoz was a long-time friend of DeArmond's, and have carried her art for many years. Their website is www.riemunoz.com, and their phone number is 907-789-7449.


DeArmond's art is not available for purchase on this website. 

She has worked in many mediums, including oil, pastel, ink and pen, pencil, stone lithographs, woodcuts, wood engravings, etchings, silkscreens (serigraphs) and even textiles, in addition to literary works. Click here for more information.

It is DeArmond (in the past, the artist also used De Armond). It has also been (mis)spelled as Dearmond and De Armand.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE:


Except where noted, all images and text contained herein this website are copyright © Estate of Dale DeArmond. Used with permission. All rights reserved. 


Any unauthorized commercial usage of any text and/or images contained herein this website is unlawful. They may not be used, copied or otherwise reproduced without permission from the copyright owner. ​

E.A. refers to:

Simple illustration describing woodcuts vs. wood engravings (click to enlarge).


Proofs are produced during the production of an art piece. They give the artist insight (and opportunity to make changes) to what the final piece will look like. Proofs may be uncolored and/or appear "unfinished." Proofs can be held by the artist, given away to friends and/or family, and when the regular edition is sold-out, they may also be sold. Proofs are generally considered more valuable. As is customary, there should not exist more than 10% of these proofs with regard to the original edition. This may not refer to all prints, as runs could change after–the–fact. With later wood engravings, in addition to the regular edition and proofs, there may also be a book edition.

Fakes or copies have not been identified with DeArmond’s body of work. However, their possibility of existence is progressively very real, especially as values soar for some titles. As a rule of thumb, if something looks too good to be true, it may be a fake. Do your homework and be cautious when making purchases. Look into references and ask many questions. Caveat emptor;  Latin for “let the buyer beware.”